More than 40 kinds of vegetables belonging to different groups, namely, solanaceous, cucurbitaceous, leguminous, cruciferous (cole crops), root crops and leafy vegetables are grown in India in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. Important vegetable crops grown in the country are tomato, onion, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, okra and peas.
India is next only to China in area and production of vegetables and occupies prime position in the production of cauliflower, second in onion and third in cabbage in the world. The area and production of major vegetables during 2004-05 is estimated at 6.30 million ha with a production of 93.0 million tonnes and average productivity of 14.8 tonnes per ha. The production has increased by 5.7 per cent.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 07-01-2011